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The Tsezic languages are one of seven main branches of the Northeast Caucasian language family.

The Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist Morris Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages via comparison. It contains a set of 207 basic words which can be found in every language and are rarely borrowed. The list here is in IPA. In comparative techniques, orthography is never used unless there is no phonetic data.

Dialectal differentiationEdit

Information on sound changes.

TableEdit

Tsezic languages
Translation Proto-Tsezic Tsezic languages
Tsez-Hinukh Bezhta-Hunzib-Khwarshi
Tsez Hinukh Bezhta Hunzib Khwarshi
I
you (singular)
he
we
you (plural)
they
this
that
here
there
who
what
where
when
how
not
all
many
some
few
other
one
two
three
four
five
big
long
wide
thick
heavy
small
short
narrow
thin
woman
man (male)
man (human)
child
wife
husband
mother
father
animal
fish
bird
dog
louse
snake
worm
tree
forest
stick
fruit
seed
leaf
root
bark (of a tree)
flower
grass
rope
skin
meat
blood
bone
fat (noun)
egg
horn
tail
feather
hair
head
ear
eye
nose
mouth
tooth
tongue
fingernail
foot
leg
knee
hand
wing
belly
guts
neck
back
breast
heart
liver
to drink
to eat
to bite
to suck
to spit
to vomit
to blow
to breathe
to laugh
to see
to hear
to know
to think
to smell
to fear
to sleep
to live
to die
to kill
to fight
to hunt
to hit
to cut
to split
to stab
to scratch
to dig
to swim
to fly /etʷa/[1]
to walk
to come
to lie (as in a bed)
to sit
to stand
to turn (intransitive)
to fall
to give
to hold
to squeeze
to rub
to wash
to wipe
to pull
to push
to throw
to tie
to sew
to count
to say
to sing
to play
to float
to flow
to freeze
to swell
sun
moon
star
water
rain
river
lake
sea
salt
stone
sand
dust
earth
cloud
fog
sky
wind
snow
ice
smoke
fire
ash
to burn
road
mountain
red
green
yellow
white
black
night
day
year
warm
cold
full
new
old
good
bad
rotten
dirty
straight
round
sharp
dull
smooth
wet
dry
correct
near
far
right
left
at
in
with
and
if
because
name

ReferencesEdit

  1. Khalilova (2009), p. 18

See alsoEdit

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