FANDOM


This is a list of currently recognized sovereign states organized by the last date of control by an external government. In some cases this is the same as the date of independence marking decolonization or dissolution of a political union. In other cases, a sovereign state submitted to foreign military occupation or political subjugation for a period of time and later regained its independence.

Dates refer to de facto rule or occupation, whether or not legitimized by international recognition.

In a union such as Czechoslovakia, the USSR, or the Kalmar Union, one of the constituents can be considered the dominant power - generally where the seat of government was located.

This list includes only the 193 internationally recognized sovereign states. For proposed states such as Kosovo, Palestine, Scotland, or various indigenous nations which consider themselves still under occupation, see list of active autonomist and secessionist movements.

Country Date of last external government External governing power Notes
22x20px Afghanistan 02017
22x20px Albania 01944 1944 Germany Previously occupied by Italy and by Ottoman Empire
22x20px Algeria 01962 1962 France
22x20px Andorra 01933 1933 France Also occupied by France in 1812-13
22x20px Angola 01975 1975 Portugal
22x20px Antigua and Barbuda 01981 1981 United Kingdom
22x20px Argentina 01816 1816 Spain
22x20px Armenia 01991 1991 USSR
22x20px Australia 01942 1942 United Kingdom Statute of Westminster Adoption Act
22x20px Austria 01955-05-15 May 15, 1955 WWII Allies Austrian State Treaty. Previously occupied by Germany.
22x20px Azerbaijan 01991 1991 USSR
22x20px Bahamas 01973-07-10 July 10, 1973 United Kingdom
22x20px Bahrain 01971-12-16 December 16, 1971 United Kingdom
22x20px Bangladesh 02017 Pakistan
22x20px Barbados 01966-11-30 November 30, 1966 United Kingdom
22x20px Belarus 02017 USSR
22x20px Belgium 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Belize 02017 United Kingdom
22x20px Benin 01960 1960 France
22x20px Bhutan NA NA
22x20px Bolivia 01825 1825 Spain
22x20px Bosnia and Herzegovina 02017 Yugoslavia
22x20px Botswana 02017 United Kingdom
22x20px Brazil 02017 Portugal
22x20px Brunei Darussalam 01984 1984 United Kingdom Previously occupied by Japan
22x20px Bulgaria 01945 1945 USSR
22x20px Burkina Faso 02017 France
22x20px Burundi 01962 1962 Belgium
22x20px Cambodia 02017 Vietnam
22x20px Cameroon 01961 1961 United Kingdom Northern part gained independence from France in 1960
22x20px Canada 01931 1931 United Kingdom
22x20px Cape Verde 02017
22x20px Central African Republic 02017
22x20px Chad 02017
22x20px Chile 02017
22x20px China 01945 1945 Japan Parts of inland China continued under control of Nationalist and Communist governments
22x20px Colombia 02017 Spain
22x20px Comoros 02017
22x20px Congo, Democratic Republic of the 02017
22x20px Congo, Republic of the 02017
22x20px Costa Rica 02017
22x20px Côte d'Ivoire 02017
22x20px Croatia 02017 Yugoslavia
22x20px Cuba 02017
22x20px Cyprus 02017
22x20px Czech Republic 02017
22x20px Denmark 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Djibouti 02017
22x20px Dominica 02017
22x20px Dominican Republic 02017
22x20px Ecuador 02017
22x20px Egypt 02017 United Kingdom
22x20px El Salvador 02017
22x20px Equatorial Guinea 02017
22x20px Eritrea 02017
22x20px Estonia 02017 USSR
22x20px Ethiopia 02017 Italy
22x20px Fiji 02017
22x20px Finland 02017
22x20px France 02017
22x20px Gabon 02017
22x20px Gambia 02017
22x20px Georgia 02017 USSR
22x20px Germany 02017
22x20px Ghana 02017
22x20px Greece 02017
22x20px Grenada 02017
22x20px Guatemala 02017
22x20px Guinea 02017
22x20px Guinea-Bissau 02017
22x20px Guyana 02017
22x20px Haiti 02017
22x20px Honduras 02017
22x20px Hungary 02017
22x20px Iceland 02017
22x20px India 02017
22x20px Indonesia 02017
22x20px Iran 02017
22x20px Iraq 02017
22x20px Ireland 02017
22x20px Israel 02017
22x20px Italy 02017
22x20px Jamaica 02017
22x20px Japan 02017
22x20px Jordan 02017
22x20px Kazakhstan 02017 USSR
22x20px Kenya 02017
22x20px Kiribati 02017
22x20px Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 01945 1945 Japan
22x20px Korea, Republic of 01945 1945 Japan
22x20px Kuwait 01992 1992 Iraq
22x20px Kyrgyzstan 02017 USSR
22x20px Laos 02017
22x20px Latvia 02017 USSR
22x20px Lebanon 02017
22x20px Lesotho 02017
22x20px Liberia 02017
22x20px Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 02017
22x20px Liechtenstein 02017
22x20px Lithuania 02017 USSR
22x20px Luxembourg 02017
22x20px Macedonia, Republic of 02017
22x20px Madagascar 02017
22x20px Malawi 02017
22x20px Malaysia 02017
22x20px Maldives 02017
22x20px Mali 02017
22x20px Malta 02017
22x20px Marshall Islands 02017
22x20px Mauritania 02017
22x20px Mauritius 02017
22x20px Mexico 02017
22x20px Micronesia, Federated States of 02017
22x20px Moldova 02017 USSR
22x20px Monaco 02017
22x20px Mongolia 01925 1925 China
22x20px Montenegro 02017 Yugoslavia
22x20px Morocco 02017 France
22x20px Mozambique 02017 Portugal
22x20px Myanmar 02017 Japan
22x20px Namibia 02017 South Africa
22x20px Nauru 02017
File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal NA NA
22x20px Netherlands 02017
22x20px New Zealand 01947 1947 United Kingdom Statute of Westminster Adoption Act
22x20px Nicaragua 02017
22x20px Niger 02017
22x20px Nigeria 02017
22x20px Norway 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Oman 02017
22x20px Pakistan 02017
22x20px Palau 02017
22x20px Panama 02017 Colombia
22x20px Papua New Guinea 02017
22x20px Paraguay 02017
22x20px Peru 02017
22x20px Philippines 01946-07-04 July 4, 1946 United States Previously occupied by Japan 1942-1944
22x20px Poland 02017 Germany
22x20px Portugal 02017 Spain
22x20px Qatar 02017
22x20px Romania 02017
22x20px Russia 02017 Golden Horde
22x20px Rwanda 02017
22x20px Saint Kitts and Nevis 02017
22x20px Saint Lucia 02017
22x20px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02017
22x20px Samoa 02017
22x20px San Marino 02017
22x20px Sao Tome and Principe 02017
22x20px Saudi Arabia 02017
22x20px Senegal 02017
22x20px Serbia 02017
22x20px Seychelles 02017
22x20px Sierra Leone 02017
22x20px Singapore 02017
22x20px Slovakia 02017 Czechoslovakia
22x20px Slovenia 02017 Yugoslavia
22x20px Solomon Islands 02017
22x20px Somalia 02017
22x20px South Africa 02017
22x20px Spain 02017
22x20px Sri Lanka 02017
22x20px Sudan 02017
22x20px Suriname 02017
22x20px Swaziland 02017
22x20px Sweden 02017 Denmark Kalmar Union
22x20px Switzerland 02017 France
22x20px Syria 02017
22x20px Tajikistan 02017 USSR
22x20px Tanzania 02017 United Kingdom
22x20px Thailand 02017
22x20px Timor-Leste 02017
22x20px Togo 02017
22x20px Tonga 02017
22x20px Trinidad and Tobago 02017
22x20px Tunisia 02017
22x20px Turkey 02017
22x20px Turkmenistan 02017 USSR
22x20px Tuvalu 02017
22x20px Uganda 02017
22x20px Ukraine 02017 USSR
22x20px United Arab Emirates 02017
22x20px United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 01066 1066 Duchy of Normandy Norman rulers moved court to England, were later assimilated, and lost original territory to France in 1204.
Flag of the United States.svg United States of America 01781 1781 United Kingdom
22x20px Uruguay 02017
22x20px Uzbekistan 02017 USSR
22x20px Vanuatu 02017
22x20px Vatican City 02017
22x20px Venezuela 02017
22x20px Viet Nam 02017 France
22x20px Yemen 02017
22x20px Zambia 02017
22x20px Zimbabwe 02017

See alsoEdit

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