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List of controversial non-fiction books

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This is a list of controversial non-fiction books which subjects are controversial or were when written and published. For controversial fictional books, see list of banned books.

What makes a book controversial will typically be that it allegedly presents reports of facts or scientific evidence, but in a way which circumvents scientific evaluation. Instead of having the book being discussed in scientific fora to clarify pending issues, it is published with the aim of being read directly by the general public, short-circuiting the usual scientific quality control before scientific results are popularized for the general public. This means that discussion will have to take place afterwards, in the media, instead of in closed scientific circles. When the ensuing discussion appears in the media, the controversy becomes apparent. Various means may be used to forward relevant criticism. These can be critical book reviews, debate in scientific journals or popular magazines, or publication of error lists on the internet.

AnthropologyEdit

In 1983, five years after Mead had died, Derek Freeman published Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth, in which he challenged all of Mead's major findings. In 1983, the American Anthropological Association passed a motion declaring Freeman's Margaret Mead and Samoa "poorly written, unscientific, irresponsible and misleading."[1] In 1987, Lowell D. Holmes published a book[2] in which he defends Mead, saying that Freeman exaggerates his points, but also criticizes Mead for exaggerating her points and making factual errors.
Accuses James Neel and Napoleon Chagnon, among other things, of exacerbating an epidemic among the Yanomamo people. A panel at the University of Michigan found the "claims are false".[3]

BiologyEdit

The first book to purport the idea that life has evolved over time creating new species. It was controversial because of its contrasting views with religious beliefs of the time. The contribution of theory of natural selection was of monumental importance to the scientific community, but the book and theory, continue to provide grounds for controversy, despite its overwhelming acceptance in the scientific community.
The book is widely used by creationists to defend the hypothesis of intelligent design. It deals with ten `icons´ of evolution, i.e. examples that are widely used, for instance in textbooks, to illustrate or support Darwinian evolution. An example of a refutation of the claims in the book is here.[4]

Mathematics and ComputationEdit

The book has attracted several types of criticism and some critics have labeled the book crankery.[5]

EnvironmentalismEdit

This book popularized environmentalism by exposing to the public the dangers of chemical pesticides, and accusing the chemical industry of unethical behavior. This led to a subsequent ban of the pesticide DDT; however, some claim that this ban is responsible for a worldwide resurgence in malaria and millions of human deaths.
Predicted disaster for humanity due to overpopulation and the "population explosion". Critics have compared Ehrlich to Thomas Malthus for his multiple predictions of famine and economic catastrophe. Traditional conservatives have been especially critical of the ideas of the book: The Population Bomb made the Intercollegiate Studies Institute's "50 Worst Books of the Twentieth Century"[6] in 2003 and was #11 ("honorable" mention) in Human Events "Ten Most Harmful Books of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries".[7]
In this book, the author presents the conception that there is a "litany" saying that everything in the environment is becoming worse. He postulates that whereas the worry expressed in the "litany" will lead to no improvements, economic growth will solve nearly all problems. The facts in the book have been heavily disputed and criticized; for example, by the review and ensuing discussion in Scientific American,[8] by reviews in Science[9] and Nature,[10] and by the production of a counter-book.[11]
The author claims that although man-made global warming is a reality, it is not dangerous, and we should use money on something else rather than use them on carbon cuts. The book was warmly supported by some climate skeptics, but heavily criticized in reviews by The New York Review of Books,[12] The Washington Post,[13] and in Nature.[14]

HistoryEdit

Posits that ordinary Germans not only knew about, but also supported, the Holocaust. The most common general complaints are that his primary hypothesis is simplistic and either unprovable or ill-formed. Raul Hilberg has written that Goldhagen is "totally wrong about everything. Totally wrong. Exceptionally wrong."[15]
An account of what he maintains was the Catholic Church's role in the Holocaust, amassing withering criticism. The book has been criticised, including by prominent Jews, as being a "misuse of the Holocaust to advance [his] anti-Catholic agenda" and as being poor scholarship, including a lack of any primary sources and being riddled with factual errors.[16][17][18] Because of these criticisms and because he says the recommendations of the book would mean the end of the Church as it has been for two millennia, William A. Donohue, president of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, has labeled Goldhagen an "anti-Catholic bigot".[19]
Examined the actions of Pope Pius XII during the Nazi era. Ken Woodward, speaking to Newsweek, stated that Hitler's Pope has "errors of fact and ignorance of context [that] appear on almost every page."[20] More recently, Cornwell recanted, acknowledging that he had erred in ascribing evil motives to Pius when writing Hitler's Pope, and said he now found it "impossible to judge" the wartime pontiff's motives.[21]
Purports that there is a secret society known as the Priory of Sion that protects the Merovingian dynasty because they may be the literal descendants of the historical Jesus and his alleged wife, Mary Magdalene. The thesis has been debunked when it was demonstrated to have been based on a hoax by a French con man named Pierre Plantard.

SociologyEdit

Controversial with conservatives as promoting degeneracy. #3 on Intercollegiate Studies Institute's "55 Worst Books of the Twentieth Century"[6] in 2003 and was #4 in Human Events "Ten Most Harmful Books of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries".[7] There are academic criticisms that pertain to sample selection and sample bias;[22]
The book investigates the social consequences of purported differences in heritable intelligence between different groups of people. It raised so much controversy that the American Psychological Association formed a task force to elucidate which postulates in the book could be verified.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nettler, Gwynn (2003). Boundaries of Competence: How Social Studies Make Feeble Science. Transaction Publishers. p. 152. ISBN 0765801795. 
  2. Lowell D. Holmes (1987): Quest for the real Samoa. The Mead/Freeman controversy and beyond. 209 pp. Bergin & Garvey Publishers inc.
  3. University of Michigan (2000-11-13). "Statement on e-mail regarding the book "Darkness in El Dorado"" (HTML). Press release. http://www.umich.edu/~urel/darkness.html. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  4. Massimo Pigliucci. Denying Evolution: Creationism, Scientism, and the Nature of Science. (Sinauer, 2002): ISBN 0878936599 page 252-264
  5. Shalizi, Cosma Rohilla (2005-10-21). "A Rare Blend of Monster Raving Egomania and Utter Batshit Insanity" (HTML). The Bactra Review. http://www.cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/reviews/wolfram/. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 http://www.mmisi.org/ir/35_01/50worst.pdf
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Ten Most Harmful Books of the 19th and 20th Centuries". 2005-05-31. http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=7591. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  8. Skepticism toward The Skeptical Environmentalist: Scientific American
  9. Science/AAAS | Sign In
  10. http://stephenschneider.stanford.edu/Publications/PDF_Papers/PimmHarvey2001.pdf
  11. Skeptical Questions and Sustainable Answers by the Danish Ecological Council
  12. Can Anyone Stop It? - The New York Review of Books
  13. Is It Hot in Here? - washingtonpost.com
  14. Economist's View: "If The Uncertainties Are Not Small, Standard Cost–Benefit Analysis As Applied To The Economics Of Climate Change Becomes Incoherent"
  15. "Is There a New Anti-Semitism? A Conversation with Raul Hilberg". Logos: a journal of modern society & culture 6 (1-2). Winter/Spring 2007. http://www.logosjournal.com/issue_6.1-2/hilberg.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-03. 
  16. Dalin, David G., The Weekly Standard, February 10 2003.
  17. Bottum, J. The Usefulness of Daniel Goldhagen The Weekly Standard 23 October 2002
  18. Fisher, Eugene J. Review of A Moral Reckoning Ethical Perspectives, Journal of the European Ethics Network
  19. 2002 Report on Anti-Catholicism, Executive Summary Catholic League
  20. Kenneth L. Woodward, Newsweek, September 27, 1999.
  21. John Cornwell, The Pontiff in Winter (2004), p. 193
  22. David Leonhardt (2000-07-28). "John Tukey, 85, Statistician; Coined the Word 'Software'". The New York Times. 
  23. Human Intelligence: The APA 1996 Intelligence Task Force Report

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Non-fiction Category:Non-fiction books {{DEFAULTSORT:Controversial non-fiction books}}

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